school), drug use, aggression, and delinquent behavior when students who fall behind in reading become marginalized as failures (Kingery et al., 1996). School failure undermines a student’s interest in and commitment to school and learning. Delinquent peer associations may also be a consequence of school failure when a student comes to reject academic achievement and prosocial behavior as legitimate goals and values. Feelings of isolation and a student’s perception that she is not receiving emotional support from caring adults also may play a role in the etiology of delinquent or aggressive behaviors (Gottfredson, 1997). Research has identified other factors at the community, family, and individual levels that influence the development of delinquent and/or aggressive behaviors, including the availability of criminogenic tools (e.g., weapons), community disorganization, family history of problem behavior, family conflict, and a history of early antisocial behavior (Howell, 1995).
Rolf Loeber, of the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic, cautioned that the relationship between delinquency and school performance should not be oversimplified. It may be that progression from delinquent behavior to school failure is contingent on other factors, since not every offending juvenile experiences school failure and not every failing student commits offenses.
In addition, not every act of delinquency affects school performance in the same way. The seriousness of delinquent behavior may determine whether and to what extent school performance suffers. It appears that poor school performance is a more severe problem among serious violent delinquents. In a review of the literature on the predictors of youth violence, Hawkins and his colleagues (1998) concluded that serious and violent delinquents had more school-related problems (e.g., low grades, truancy, suspension, dropping out) than nonviolent children.
Inversely, studies have found that students who do not perform well academically are more likely to be delinquent. The Cambridge Study on Delinquent Development and the Pittsburgh Youth Study have both found that low school achievement predicts adolescent delinquency (Maguin and Loeber, 1996). In a meta-analysis of studies that examined the relationship between academic performance and delinquency and interventions designed to improve school achievement and reduce offending, Maguin and Loeber (1996) found that poor school performance was related to the frequency of delinquent offending, the seriousness of offenses, and persistence in delinquency offending. Findings from this study highlight the importance of examining the effect of poor educational performance on delinquency over time—to think of a child’s development on a trajectory with multiple transition points (e.g., childhood to adolescence) along which key events occur.
There are, however, methodological issues that limit study findings.
Juvenile Crime and Violence in Schools Essay
640 Words3 Pages
All Americans remember too well the morning of April 12, 1999, when two enraged students opened fire at Columbine High School. This act of violence resulted in not only their own deaths but the deaths of many other innocent students and one teacher. However, this was not the first instance of violence in schools. There have been many other occasions of violent behavior among school age children, some as young as eleven years old, the past few years. We should carefully consider some possible causes of these tragedies, so we can seek a way to end them. Promotion of violence, neglect of troubled children, and lack of parental involvement in their children's lives are all factors that could lead to violence in schools.
First, we must look…show more content…
Also, video games have gotten so violent that some have been rated MA for mature audiences only. In addition to these, the media promote "role models" for children who have histories of violent behavior. Professional athletes, movie stars, and rock stars, whom children look up to, are in the news daily for illegal, violent behavior. So the constant barrage of the media promoting violence has definitely played a part in making our society more callous to human life, and thus more susceptible to violent acts.
Another factor influencing violence in schools is the neglect of troubled children. There are so many children crying out for help, and no one notices. Patterns of anger, raging tempers, and aggressive behavior in children should be caught at an early age and dealt with before they become serious problems. Children that exhibit signs of emotional disturbance should be sent to counseling and taught how to control their anger and behavior. Also, threats made by children should be taken seriously. If people had not ignored the signs given by those two boys at Columbine, that tragedy could have been averted. So we should not neglect troubled children if we hope to quell violence in schools.
Finally, the decrease in parental involvement in their children's lives has led to violence in schools. In our society, too many parents do