Essay Writing Under Pressure

One of the most challenging tasks in any class is facing the in-class timed essay. There is something extra difficult about having to write a strong essay under the pressure of a ticking clock. This blog post will give you all the tools you need to learn how to write a timed essay in 45 minutes or less.

How to Write a Timed Essay: Before the Test

While you may only have a few precious minutes to take your actual timed essay, you should spend several hours preparing for the exam.  Just as you would study for a math or science test, you need to organize your thoughts and materials in advance of your timed English or history essay.

Follow these six tips to make sure that you walk into the test ready to rock your essay.

  1. Don’t wait until the last minute to study. Give yourself plenty of time to familiarize yourself with the material. Carefully read the work provided in class, and review your notes.
  2. Memorize important facts, dates, names, etc. The more you have stored in your brain, the better you’ll be able to provide solid supports and arguments during your exam.
  3. If the timed essay is “open book,” mark down important elements and insights in advance with a highlighter, sticky notes, or notecards with page numbers and quotes. When it comes to test time, you’ll know exactly where to go for information, and you won’t waste time trying to find “that perfect quote.”
  4. Get to know the possible prompts, and carefully review your study guide, if one is provided. Otherwise, look over old exams, if you can, to see what kinds of questions are typically asked in this class.
  5. If you’re really nervous, practice writing under pressurebefore your test. Set a timer for the same amount of time you’ll have during the actual test, and work on writing a coherent essay about a sample prompt or an important topic from class.
  6. If the topic of your test is pretty common (i.e., iconic literature like Shakespeare or topics in American history), you might find some helpful study tools on Spark Notes. Another great resource is So check them out!

For our example, let’s say that we’re taking an open-book timed essay on William Golding’s book Lord of the Flies. In advance of the test, I would, of course, read the book from cover to cover. I would mark up key ideas with a highlighter and sticky notes. I’d also check out the Spark Notes to get some ideas and perspective on the work. If you want to follow along with our sample timed essay, first check out this Spark Notes video summary of Lord of the Flies.

How to Write a Timed Essay: Minutes 1-5, Understand Your Topic

Now that you are familiar with the material and ready to take your timed essay, let’s talk about what you’ll need to do during your test.

First of all, you need to relax. Take a deep breath, and don’t get stressed out because you’re feeling rushed. You need to feel in control of the time you have to avoid test anxiety. It’s important to focus on the task at hand and not allow your mind to wander or worry.

Now that you’re relaxed, get to work. For the first 1 to 5 minutes, read and re-read the essay prompt to get an understanding of what you’re being asked. It’s important to take the time to understand the prompt so that you don’t go wandering off and writing about something totally incorrect or irrelevant. Don’t skip this step!

Underline keywords, and check to see whether the question has more than one part.

For our example, I’m going to use this sample prompt:

How does Jack use the beast to control the other boys? Compare this to an example in today’s society of a person or institution using something frightening to control other people.

When reading and re-reading this prompt, I would underline the important words:

How does Jack use the beast to control the other boys? Compare this to an example in today’s society of a person or institution using something frightening to control other people

It’s important to determine what type of essay your teacher is asking from you.

Use this table for clues:

This table breaks down four basic types of essays: argument, evaluation, explanation, and problem/solution. The keywords are words you can look for to unlock what direction your teacher wants you to go. And the action column let’s you know what the goal of your essay should be.

In this example, the prompt is asking for an explanation essay.  I know this because it asks me to analyze the beast and compare it to an example from real life. Knowing what type of essay I’m working with will help me focus my thesis and supports.

How to Write a Timed Essay: Minutes 6-15, Organize Your Response

Set aside a few minutes to prepare your thoughts. First jot down ideas and notes related to the question. This is called a memory dump. This takes the pressure off your brain of having to recall this information as you are structuring and writing your response.  Here’s an example of a memory dump:

With your ideas and notes dumped onto paper, it will be easier to organize your thoughts into a coherent order. The next step is to make an informal outline of the major points.  This step is important because it will allow you to stick to your topic and ensure that you don’t leave out any important details.

Don’t worry about building an epic, detailed outline, like the one I developed for the 5-paragraph essay outline, but definitely sketch out the important arguments you want to cover.

Place a number beside each point to organize what you want to address first. Start with the most important idea, and work down to the least important. This way, if you run out of time, you’ll have already covered the more important stuff.

In our sample essay, according to the prompt, I need to correlate Jack and his beast with a real-life fear that is used to control a real-life society. I don’t want to start a political discussion in this blog post, so I’m going to use a fake idea having to do with an alien invasion. Don’t worry; none of this is true… yet.

Here’s a sample rough outline of the points I want to cover in my essay, starting with the most critical first:

In doing this outline, I’ve uncovered four important arguments to develop. I’m ready to start digging into the real work of writing the essay.

How to Write a Timed Essay: Minutes 15-40, Develop Your Essay

Now that you have a rough outline, it’s time to develop each of your points and write them out in your exam.

I won’t develop the entire essay in this blog post, but I’ll show you how I might write the thesis and point number one.

To develop my thesis statement, I’d simply make an argument and include a summary of each of the points I plan to make in the body text.

Here’s my thesis:

In William Golding’s book The Lord of the Flies, Jack creates a mythical beast creature as a way to band the boys together under his oppressive leadership; this is similar to how the world leaders have used the alien invasion to control the Earth’s population through fear of a common enemy and the belief that oppression is necessary for safety.

Then I’d make my first argument:

In the book Lord of the Flies, Jack bands his group of boys together by creating a common enemy in the beast. This is similar to how the government has bound our nation together against our greater enemy, the aliens from the Andromeda galaxy. In both cases, having a common enemy has ignited a sense of solidarity and being “in it together.” Anyone who is not against the beast, or the aliens, can be considered an enemy to the cause.

Then I’d include some supports with direct quotes from the book. I would, of course, have already marked off these quotes during my study time with sticky notes that say “beast” or “Jack”:

The boys in the Lord of the Flies have never seen the beast, yet they are afraid of it. During an assembly of the boys, one of the Littluns says, “I was frightened… and I saw something moving among the trees, something big and horrid” (85). This echoes a recent news story where a woman recounted her meeting with an alien, and although she hadn’t actually seen it, she said she saw the shadow of one pass by her window.

As I write my essay, I’ll expand on each of the points in my rough outline and support each with a direct quote from the book. It’s important to avoid making big, general statements. Every correlation I make needs to be supported.

Finally, I will write my conclusion, which will sum up my arguments and offer a greater insight.

For more information on writing better essays, I suggest checking out this awesome article, How to Write a Great Essay About Anything.

How to Write a Timed Essay: Minutes 40-45, Final Edit

Don’t forget to leave a few minutes to review and edit your work to ensure it makes sense. Because you won’t be able to have your paper professionally edited or edited by a parent or peer before you turn it in, your teacher probably won’t grade you as hard for grammar mistakes as she would otherwise. However, you still want your work to make sense and to be as error free as you can make it, so leaving a few minutes for editing and revision is helpful.

Now you know how to write a timed essay. The process doesn’t have to be stressful. Remember to always prepare in advance, take the time to understand the prompt, organize your thoughts, write detailed and supported information, and review your essay before you turn it in.

If you plan your time wisely and follow all of these steps, you have nothing to fear…except maybe aliens.  Good luck!

Psst... 98% of Kibin users report better grades! Get inspiration from over 500,000 example essays.

  • 1

    Make the best of your situation by tuning out any distractions around you that will just irritate you. If you work better with total quiet, go somewhere where you can find the quiet that you need. If you're undisturbed by noise, you'll be able to get yourself comfortable and in the mindset of accomplishing the writing that you need to get done. Even setting an iPod or MP3 player on low while listening through headphones can block out most surrounding distractions. Also play some soothing ocean sounds (which you can easily find on YouTube by searching for "ocean sounds").

  • 2

    Try deep breathing techniques or meditation. Take up a weekly yoga class, take a walk, or even try creating a zen garden. These techniques will help you to become more relaxed and will therefore help you in the process of writing in a quiet environment, by getting rid of external noises or other disturbances.
    • On the same theme, you could pick a martial art to practise; it also helps you to learn to focus on concentrating in a more disciplined way on what you're doing.
  • 3

    Consider using Feng shui.[1] Feng shui is the Chinese art that attempts to make a room or house more relaxing, by rearranging the way furniture and other objects are placed in the room. Using Feng Shui might help you to make your room a more pleasant and quiet place to write. You will feel more at ease about relaxing in an organized room and it's possible that it will spark the inspiration you're seeking.
    • Consider decorating and personalizing your writing area to make it more pleasant and relaxing. Add candles, incense, and unique decorative items to bring about a relaxing and peaceful atmosphere that will help you to forget your worries and focus on writing, even though you're under stress.
  • 4

    Walk away. When stress has got you so worked up that you just cannot focus, it's a wise choice to walk away from your work for a while and take a break. Have a nice cup of hot tea or get some fresh air. Don't think about the writing that you must get done or any other task that is hanging over your head. Focus on relieving yourself of the stress that you feel. Once you can let some of it go, you'll be able to get back to business and write more stably.

  • 5

    Make a list of the main topics you want to cover on your essay or whatever you're writing. It will really help you focusing and remembering the main ideas you are going to write about. This can also stop you from forgetting ideas you had earlier in the day.

  • 6

    Be inspired by what you've already created. A great way to approach the idea of writing under stress is to look back to your previous work and take steps to further it. If you have been working on a novel or a series of short stories in the past, you can go back and continue on these creative pieces as a means of managing your stress. That way, you don't have to think of a brand new idea and instead you can focus your mind on completing something. Make it a goal and give yourself deadlines. You'll find that your mind focuses more on completing instead of creating, thus allowing you to write while under stress.

  • 7

    Avoid taking on difficult writing tasks. A writer shouldn't shy away from using little tricks to galvanize you into writing. When writing under stress, you can sometimes be aided by certain minor mental boosters such as low music, a mini fountain, or having the television on low volume.

  • 8

    Ease back into writing after an absence. If you find yourself writing again after a lengthy absence, then allow yourself the space to be able to ease back into your work and don't be hard on yourself. You need to get back into the flow and that can take time and finding your sense of creativity is not something to be rushed. Failing to achieve a difficult writing task can result in feeling down and even more stressed, which will halt your progression, so remain calm and take it slowly.

  • 9

    Use color to your advantage.Even the colour on your walls can change how you feel in your room, so get painting! Paint colors can boost or inhibit your mood overall. Here are some suggestions:
    • If you're wanting to feel happy, consider going for a pale yellow colour. The radiant golden glow of yellow lifts your mood instantly – it's like filling your room with sunshine!
    • If you're looking to feel creative, go for a plum or burgundy colour. This is perfect for artists and writers and the complex colour can inspire new ideas.
    • Wanting to feel energised? Go for green. It will remind you of the bright fresh outdoors and can get you in an active and energetic mood.
    • If you're edging to a more calm feeling, try blue. It's the best colour for studying. The cool undertones help you focus and concentrate.
    • If you're in a dark and soulless room, consider adding a bright painting or poster of an outdoor scene with lots of color, sunshine, and natural scenes. It can be your "window" to a more inspirational view.
  • 10

    If your stress is causing you to feel angry, instead of feeling worn out or helpless, use that anger to get "fired up" about a subject that you feel passionate about. Writing can be therapeutic and if you use your stress to your advantage, you will see it disappear on your paper/computer screen. You might even be amazed at how well you can write when you thought you were too stressed to do so. It takes distracting yourself from the cause of your stress and learning how to turn that negative energy into something more positive. It takes practice, but it can be done.

  • 11

    Avoid drinking sugary and/or carbonated beverages that get you hyped up and make you jittery. They won't help you to concentrate on what you're doing and will probably make you more aware of the distractions.

  • 12

    Eat with mindfulness. Food impacts your ability to focus better on your writing tasks.[2] Eat foods such as blueberries, yogurt, and oatmeal. Coffee or tea in small doses can help as well, even though these drinks contain caffeine and can make you hyped if you drink too much. Choose herbal and non-caffeinated varieties if you plan on drinking them through the day or night.

  • 13

    Try leaving the house. Perhaps move to another place like a library or cafe that embraces long-sitting customers. You can go to an external place to keep yourself away from household disturbances and also to instill you with the inspiration of being around others performing all sorts of daily activities.
    • The library is perhaps the best place to go and write for long periods of time. There is also inspiration to be found in many other people doing the same thing as you! Use the library to get useful information and references directly, something you're not able to do from home as easily.
    • Consider setting up outdoors if the weather is great. Somewhere like at a park, public garden, lake, etc. can be very inspiring, especially if you can find the quietness you need in your chosen spot.

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