Acs Citation Style Bibliography

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ACS Style Guide

Developed by the American Chemical Society, this style may be used for research papers in the field of chemistry.

This guide provides examples of the most commonly cited types of sources used by Williams College students. For additional examples and explanations, see The ACS Style Guide or the print manual at Schow Reference QD8.5 .A25 2006.

 

Each citation consists of two parts: the in-text citation, which provides brief identifying information within the text, and the reference list, a list of sources that provides full bibliographic information.

How to Format:In-Text Citations | Reference Lists

How to Format In-Text Citations

(For more detailed information see ACS Style Guide, pp 287-290.)

Select one of the three methods below to cite in-text references:

Superscript numbers

At the end of the cited information:
Fluoridated water as well as various fluoride products such as toothpaste provide fluoride ions necessary for remineralization.¹

Within the cited information:
Rakita¹ states that fluoridated water as well as various fluoride products such as toothpaste provide fluoride ions necessary for remineralization.

Italic numbers

At the end of the cited information:
Fluoridated water as well as various fluoride products such as toothpaste provide fluoride ions necessary for remineralization (1).

Within the cited information:
Rakita (1) states that fluoridated water as well as various fluoride products such as toothpaste provide fluoride ions necessary for remineralization.

Author name and year of publication

At the end of the cited information:
Fluoridated water as well as various fluoride products such as toothpaste provide fluoride ions necessary for remineralization (Rakita, 2004).

Within the cited information:
Rakita states that fluoridated water as well as various fluoride products such as toothpaste provide fluoride ions necessary for remineralization (2004).

Note: for two authors use "and": Rakita and Smith. For more than two authors use "et al.": Rakita et al.

How to Format Reference Lists

Books | Articles | Theses, Patents, Conferences | Web/Online

Books

(ACS Style Guide, pp 300-305)

Single author

Chang, R. General Chemistry: The Essential Concepts, 3rd ed.; McGraw-Hill: Boston, 2003.

Edited Book

Gbalint-Kurti, G. G. Wavepacket Theory of Photodissociation and Reactive Scattering. In Advances in Chemical Physics; Rice, S. A., Ed.; Wiley: New York, 2004; Vol. 128; p 257.

Book in Series

Goh, S. L. Polymer Chemistry in an Undergraduate Curriculum. In Introduction of Macromolecular Science/Polymeric Materials into the Foundational Course in Organic Chemistry; ACS Symposium Series 1151; American Chemical Society: Washington, DC, 2013; pp 113-127.

Article from a reference book

Powder Metallurgy. Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology, 3rd ed.; Wiley: New York, 1982; Vol. 19, pp 28-62.

Articles

(ACS Style Guide, pp. 291-299 and pp. 317-319 for online articles )

Article in a scientific journal

Evans, D. A.; Fitch, D. M.; Smith, T. E.; Cee, V. J. Application of Complex Aldol Reactions to the Total Synthesis of Phorboxazole B. J. Am. Chem. Soc.2000,122, 10033-10046.

Article in a popular/non-scientific magazine

Manning, R. Super Organics. Wired, May 2004, pp 176-181.

Article from an online journal

Peacock-Lopez, E. Exact Solutions of the Quantum Double Square-Well Potential. Chem. Ed. [Online] 2007,11, 383-393 http://chemeducator.org/bibs/0011006/11060380lb.htm (accessed Aug 23, 2007).

Theses, Patents, Conferences, Technical Reports

(ACS Style Guide, pp 307-316)

Theses

Thoman, J. W., Jr. Studies of Molecular Deactivation: Surface-Active Free Radicals and S(O)para-difluorobenzene. Ph.D. Dissertation, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, 1987.

or

Gehring, A. PhD. Dissertation, Harvard University, 1998.

Patents

Diamond, G.; Murphy, V.; Leclerc, M.; Goh, C.; Hall, K.; LaPointe, A. M.; Boussie, T.; Lund, C. Coordination catalysts. US 20020002257 A1, January 3, 2002.

Conference/Meetings (full-text)

Winstein, S. In University Chemical Education, Proceedings of the International Symposium on University Chemical Education, Frascati (Rome), Italy, October 16-19, 1969; Chisman, D. G.. Ed.; Butterworths: London, 1970.

Conference/Meetings (abstract only)

Kaplan, L.J.; Selder, A. Books of Abstracts, 213th ACS National Meeting, San Francisco, CA, April 13-17, 1997; American Chemical Society: Washington, DC, 1997; CHED-824.

Technical Report or Bulletin

Crampton, S.B.; McAllaster, D. R. Collision and Motional Averaging Effects in Cryogenic Atomic Hydrogen Masers; WMC-AFOSR-002; NTIS: Springfield, VA, 1983.

Web/Online

(ACS Style Guide, pp 316-325)

Note: Different web browsers break the text in different places of a URL. In a printed work, if the URL needs to be broken at the end of a line, the break should be made after a colon or a double slash; before a single slash, a tilde, a period, a comma, a hyphen, an underline, a question mark, a number sign, or a percent symbol; or before or after an equals sign or an ampersand. (CMS 14.2)

Web page

National Library of Medicine. Environmental Health and Toxicology: Specialized Information Services. http://sis.nlm.nih.gov/enviro.html (accessed Aug 23, 2004).

Article from an online journal

Peacock-Lopez, E. Exact Solutions of the Quantum Double Square-Well Potential. Chem. Ed. [Online] 2007,11, 383-393 http://chemeducator.org/bibs/0011006/11060380lb.htm (accessed Aug 23, 2007).

Article from full text database

Begley, S. When Does Your Brain Stop Making New Neurons? Newsweek [Online] July 2, 2007, p 62. Expanded Academic Index. http:/galegroup.com (accessed Aug 23, 2007).

Article published online in advance

Chung, J.M. and Peacock-Lopez, E. Cross-diffusion in the Templator model of chemical self-replication. Phys. Lett. A [Online early access]. DOI:10.1016/j.physleta.2007.04.114. Published Online: June 12, 2007. http://www.sciencedirect.com (accessed Aug 23, 2007).

Computer Program

SciFinder Scholar, version 2007; Chemical Abstracts Service: Columbus, OH, 2007; RN 58-08-2 (accessed Aug 23, 2007).

JOURNAL ARTICLE

The form is:

Author's last name comma first initial period space Title of article with no quotations period space abbreviation for journal title italicized (period only if journal title ends with abbreviation) space year bolded comma space volume number italicized comma space pages period.

The title of the article is desirable for locating the article but may be omitted by some journals.

If there are multiple authors, the authors are separated by a semi-colon.

For the ACS journal Biochemistry , use its "Instructions to Authors." To find "Instruction to Authors" go to http://paragon.acs.org/paragon and under Author Checklist in the middle of the page select Read Author Information. Under Journal-Specific Information select Biochemistry from the pop up menu and then select Guidelines for Authors.

EXAMPLE:
Jenkins, T.; Mott, L. Ion Exchange Resins Used in Nuclear Waste Disposal. Environ. Sci. Technol. 1999, 86, 122-134.

Journal abbreviations can be found in the Chemical Abstracts Service Source Index (CASSI). One word journal names are not abbreviated.

In journals published by the American Chemical Society, capitalization of words in the article title follows that of the original publication. In other publications the main words are capitalized.

For journals in which each issue begins with page 1, include issue information (either the issue number or the date) in parenthesis following the volume number.

For online journals, the notation [Online], Online in brackets, follows the Journal Abbreviation.

ELECTRONIC (only) JOURNALS

Author's last name comma first initial period space Title of article with no quotations period space abbreviation for journal title italicized (period only if journal title ends with abbreviation) space left bracket Online right bracket space year bolded comma space volume number italicized comma space article number or other description period URL space accessed date in parenthesis period.

EXAMPLE:
Martin, J.W.; Lowe, H. N. Online Journal Usage by Chemists. J. Theor. Chem. [Online] 2005, 12, Article Archive. http://www.jtc.com/122005.pdf (accessed Oct 23, 2004).

ELECTRONIC VERSION OF PRINT JOURNAL

EXAMPLE:
Patel, N.A.; Swope, C. Femtochemistry in Nanoseconds. J. Phys. Chem. A [Online] 2001. 92, 1038-1050. http://pubs.acs.org/2001/jpca/jpca921038.pdf (accessed Oct 23, 2006).

BOOK:

The form is:

Author's last name comma space first initial period space second initial period space Title of Book Italicized and First Letter of Significant Words Capitalized semi-colon space Publisher colon space Place of Publication comma space year semi-colon space p or pp number period.

EXAMPLE:
Howard, B. K.; Cotton, O. Carbon Quality in Coal Strata; Wiley & Sons: New York, 1999; p 60.

If citing an authored chapter in an edited book in a specific edition:

EXAMPLE:
Patel, J.; Dillard, M. Relativistic Effects in Chemistry. In Computational Chemistry, 2nd ed.; Lutz, L., Chu, S. W., Eds.; Academic: New York, 2000; pp 76-96.

PATENTS:

The form is:

Author's last name comma space first initial period space second initial period space Patent Title with Significant Words Capitalized period space Patent number comma date period.

EXAMPLE :
Cramm, N.T., A Device to Simplify the Conversion of Bibliographic Information into Citation Format. U.S. Patent 7,005,423, Sep 13, 2005.

MSDS:

The form for print is:

Title in Italics with Significant Words Capitalized semi-colon MSDS number semi-colon Company colon space location comma date period.

EXAMPLE:
Formaldehyde; MSDS No. F4223; Baker & Taylor: Baltimore, MD, Dec 12, 1999.

The form for electronic version found on Internet is:

Title in Italics with Significant Words Capitalized semi-colon MSDS number left bracket Online right bracket semi-colon Company colon space location comma date period space URL space accessed date in parenthesis period.

EXAMPLE:
Formaldehyde ; MSDS No. F4223 [Online]; Baker & Taylor: Baltimore , MD , Dec 12, 1999. http://www.bnt.com/formaldehyde.htm (accessed Mar 23, 2006).

WORLD WIDE WEB

The form is:

Author (if any) period space Title of Site period space URL space (accessed date) comma space other identifying information, if necessary period.

EXAMPLE:
CAS Home Page. http://www.cas.org (accessed Oct 23, 2002).

For a subscription only web site, the URL need not be given.

EXAMPLE:
Medline. (1997-2000) database, (accessed Sep 27, 2002).
SciFinder Scholar. database, (accessed Sep 27, 2000).

These examples are based upon :

  • ACS Style Guide:Effective Communication of Scientific Information, 3rd. ed.;Coghill, A.M.; Garson, L.R., Eds.; American Chemical Society: Washington, DC, 2006.

  • A suggested format on the webpage of the Chemistry Library at the University of Wisconsin-Madison follows: http://chemistry.library.wisc.edu/instruction/acstyle.htm

  • MSDS obtained from a database source such as CCOHS:
    Titanium Dioxide; MSDS No. T3627; Mallinckrodt Baker: Phillipsburg , NJ , November 12, 2003. Available from Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety. http://ccinfoweb2.ccohs.ca/msds/Action.lasso?-database=msds&-layout=Display&-response=detail.html&-op=eq&MSDS+RECORD+NUMBER=3767394&-search (accessed Apr 14, 2005).

 

Page created by:Jeanette McVeigh | Page last updated: 4/15/2013

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