Works Cited Page And Bibliography Difference Between Democrats

MLA Works Cited: Periodicals


MLA (Modern Language Association) style is most commonly used to write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities. This resource, updated to reflect the MLA Handbook (8th ed.), offers examples for the general format of MLA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the Works Cited page.

Contributors: Tony Russell, Allen Brizee, Elizabeth Angeli, Russell Keck, Joshua M. Paiz, Michelle Campbell, Rodrigo RodrĂ­guez-Fuentes, Daniel P. Kenzie, Susan Wegener, Maryam Ghafoor, Purdue OWL Staff
Last Edited: 2018-02-14 01:34:01

Periodicals include magazines, newspapers, and scholarly journals. Works cited entries for periodical sources include three main elements—the author of the article, the title of the article, and information about the magazine, newspaper, or journal. MLA uses the generic term “container” to refer to any print or digital venue (a website or print journal, for example) in which an essay or article may be included.

Use the following format for all citations:

Author. Title. Title of container (self contained if book), Other contributors (translators or editors), Version (edition), Number (vol. and/or no.), Publisher, Publisher Date, Location (pp.). 2nd container’s title, Other contributors, Version, Number, Publisher, Pub date, Location.

Article in a Magazine

Cite by listing the article's author, putting the title of the article in quotations marks, and italicizing the periodical title. Follow with the date of publication. Remember to abbreviate the month. The basic format is as follows:

Author(s). "Title of Article." Title of Periodical, Day Month Year, pages.

Poniewozik, James. "TV Makes a Too-Close Call." Time, 20 Nov. 2000, pp. 70-71.

Buchman, Dana. "A Special Education." Good Housekeeping, Mar. 2006, pp. 143-48.

Article in a Newspaper

Cite a newspaper article as you would a magazine article, but note the different pagination in a newspaper. If there is more than one edition available for that date (as in an early and late edition of a newspaper), identify the edition after the newspaper title.

Brubaker, Bill. "New Health Center Targets County's Uninsured Patients." Washington Post, 24 May 2007, p. LZ01.

Krugman, Andrew. "Fear of Eating." New York Times, 21 May 2007, late ed., p. A1.

If the newspaper is a less well-known or local publication, include the city name in brackets after the title of the newspaper.

Behre, Robert. "Presidential Hopefuls Get Final Crack at Core of S.C. Democrats." Post and Courier [Charleston, SC],29 Apr. 2007, p. A11.

Trembacki, Paul. "Brees Hopes to Win Heisman for Team." Purdue Exponent [West Lafayette, IN], 5 Dec. 2000, p. 20.

A Review

To cite a review, include the title of the review (if available), then the phrase, “Review of” and provide the title of the work (in italics for books, plays, and films; in quotation marks for articles, poems, and short stories). Finally, provide performance and/or publication information.

Review Author. "Title of Review (if there is one)." Review of Performance Title, by Author/Director/Artist. Title of Periodical, Day Month Year, page.

Seitz, Matt Zoller. "Life in the Sprawling Suburbs, If You Can Really Call It Living." Review of Radiant City, directed by Gary Burns and Jim Brown. New York Times, 30 May 2007, p. E1.

Weiller, K. H. Review of Sport, Rhetoric, and Gender: Historical Perspectives and Media Representations, edited by Linda K. Fuller. Choice, Apr. 2007, p. 1377.

An Editorial & Letter to the Editor

Cite as you would any article in a periodical, but include the designators "Editorial" or "Letter" to identify the type of work it is.

"Of Mines and Men." Editorial. Wall Street Journal, eastern edition, 24 Oct. 2003, p. A14.

Hamer, John. Letter. American Journalism Review, Dec. 2006/Jan. 2007, p. 7.

Anonymous Articles

Cite the article title first, and finish the citation as you would any other for that kind of periodical.

"Business: Global Warming's Boom Town; Tourism in Greenland." The Economist, 26 May 2007, p. 82.

"Aging; Women Expect to Care for Aging Parents but Seldom Prepare." Women's Health Weekly, 10 May 2007, p. 18.

An Article in a Scholarly Journal

A scholarly journal can be thought of as a container, as are collections of short stories or poems, a television series, or even a website. A container can be thought of as anything that is a part of a larger body of works. In this case, cite the author and title of article as you normally would. Then, put the title of the journal in italics. Include the volume number (“vol.”) and issue number (“no.”) when possible, separated by commas. Finally, add the year and page numbers.

Author(s). "Title of Article." Title of Journal, Volume, Issue, Year, pages.

Bagchi, Alaknanda. "Conflicting Nationalisms: The Voice of the Subaltern in Mahasweta Devi's Bashai Tudu." Tulsa Studies in Women's Literature, vol. 15, no. 1, 1996, pp. 41-50.

Duvall, John N. "The (Super)Marketplace of Images: Television as Unmediated Mediation in DeLillo's White Noise." Arizona Quarterly, vol.50, no. 3, 1994, pp. 127-53.

An Article in a Special Issue of a Scholarly Journal

When an article appears in a special issue of a journal, cite the name of the special issue in the entry’s title space, in italics. Add the descriptor “special issue of” and include the name of the journal, also in italics, followed by the rest of the information required for a standard scholarly journal citation.

Web entries should follow a similar format, and should include a URL, DOI, or permalink.

Burgess, Anthony. "Politics in the Novels of Graham Greene." Literature and Society, special issue of Journal of Contemporary History, vol. 2, no. 2, 1967, pp. 93-99.

Case, Sue-Ellen. “Eve's Apple, or Women's Narrative Bytes.” Technocriticism and Hypernarrative, special issue of Modern Fiction Studies, vol. 43, no. 3, 1997, pp. 631-50. Project Muse, doi:10.1353/mfs.1997.0056.

The following suggestions for citations of Internet sources in history and the historically based humanities are derived from the essential principles of academic citation in Kate L. Turabian, A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations, 5th ed. (Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 1987). I have also draw upon suggestions from some of the works listed below. The guide has been improved by the the students of my Historical Methods classes at East Tennessee State University and my fellow H-AFRICA editors whom I thank for their assistance.

Since the Internet is an evolving institution, this guide is not intended to be definitive. Corrections, additions, comments, suggestions, and criticisms are therefore welcome. Please address them to the author at:

When the need for revisions and updates become apparent, new versions of the guide will be issued.

Bibliographic Citations

Basic citation components and punctuation

Author's Last Name, First Name. [author's internet address, if available]. "Title of Work" or "title line of message." In "Title of Complete Work" or title of list/site as appropriate. [internet address]. Date, if available.

The samples below indicate how citations of particular electronic sources might be made.

Listserv Messages

Walsh, Gretchen. []. "REPLY: Using African newspapers in teaching." In H-AFRICA. []. 18 October 1995.

World Wide Web

Limb, Peter. "Relationships between Labour & African Nationalist/Liberation Movements in Southern Africa." [http://neal.ctstateu. edu/history/world_history/archives/limb-l.html]. May 1992.

FTP Site

Heinrich, Gregor. []. "Where There Is Beauty, There is Hope: Sau Tome e Principe." [ pub/local/FAQ/african/gen/saoep.txt]. July 1994.

Gopher Site

"Democratic Party Platform, 1860." [ Wiretap Online Library/civic & Historical/Political Platforms of the U.S.] 18 June 1860.

Kirshenblatt-Gimblett, Barbara. "Making Difference." [ The Researcher/History/H-Net/H-Amstdy (American Studies)/Essays & Discussions About American Studies]. 20 July 1995.

Usenet Group Messages

Dell, Thomas. []. "[EDTECH] EMG: Sacred Texts (Networked Electronic Versions)." In [alt.etext]. 4 February 1993.

Legg, Sonya. []. "African history book list." In [soc.culture.african]. 5 September 1994.

E-mail Messages

Page, Mel. []. "African dance...and Malawi." Private e-mail message to Masankho Banda, []. 28 November 1994.


Footnote and Endnote Citations

Basic citation components and punctuation

(note number) Author's First name and Last name,

(author's internet address, if available),

"Title of Work" or "title line of message," in "Title of Complete Work" or title of list/site as appropriate,

(internet address),

date if available.

The examples below indicate how citations of particular electronic sources might be made.

Listserv Messages

(1) Gretchen Walsh, [], "REPLY: Using African newspapers in teaching," in H-AFRICA, [], 18 October 1995.

World Wide Web

(2) Peter Limb, "Relationships between Labour & African Nationalist/Liberation Movements in Southern Africa," [], May 1992.

FTP Site

(3)Gregor Heinrich, [], "Where There Is Beauty, There is Hope: Sao Tome e Principe," [], July 1994.

(4) Sonya Legg, [], "African history book list," in [soc.culture.african], 5 September 1994.

Gopher Site

(5) "Democratic Party Platform, 1860," [ Wiretap Online Library/civic & Historical/Political Platforms of the U.S.], 18 June 1860.

(6) Barbara Kirshenblatt-Gimblett, "Making Difference," [ The Researcher/History/H-Net/H-Amstdy (American Studies)/Essays & Discussions About American Studies], 20 July 1995.

Usenet Group Messages

(7) Thomas Dell, [] "[EDTECH] EMG: Sacred Texts (Networked Electronic Versions)," in [alt.etext], 4 February 1993.

E-Mail Messages

(8) Mel Page, [], "African dance...and Malawi," private e-mail message to Masankho Banda, [], 28 November 1994.

Additional Source Material on Internet Citations

Dodd, Sue A. "Bibliographic References for Computer Files in the Social Sciences: A Discussion Paper." [gopher://]. Revised May 1990. (Published in IASSIST Quarterl, 14, 2(1990): 14-17.)

Li, Xia and Nancy Crane. Electronic Style: A Guide to Citing Electronic Information. Westport: Meckler, 1993.

University of Chicago Press Chicago Guide to Preparing Electronic Manuscripts: for Authors and Publishers. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987.

Walker, Janice R. "MLA-Style Citations of Internet Sources." []. April 1995.

version 1.1

30 October 1995

Copyright Melvin E. Page, 1995.

This document may be reproduced and redistributed, but only in its entirety and with full acknowledgement of its source and authorship.


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