Essay on Differences Between China and Saudi Arabia
584 Words3 Pages
Saudi Arabia and China are quite different countries. The latter is much larger than the former. The former is the largest country of the Arabian Peninsula and it is located in Middle East, bordering the Arabian Gulf and the Red Sea, north of Yemen. The latter is the largest country in Eastern Asia, bordering the East China Sea, between North Korea and Vietnam. Although there some similarities between Saudi Arabia and China, there are also several differences in the areas of population, economy and the culture.
First of all, Saudi Arabia and China have some similarities. The former has the international airports and the latter has too. Saudi Arabia keen on literature just as China does. Fast food is popular not only in China put also…show more content…
The first one important difference is the people, China has a population of 1.3 billion people, about fifth of the world's population while Saudi Arabia has 28.1 million people, including an estimated 5.5 million resident foreigners about 23% of the population is made up of foreign nationals living in Saudi Arabia, approximately 12% of the population is South Asian including Indians, Pakistanis and Bangladeshis. In addition there are some citizens of Asian, Northeast African and sub Saharan ancestry, Whereas China has ethnic groups, large ethnic minorities include the Zhuang, Tujia, Mongols Tibetans and Koreans. All people in Saudi Arabia speak Arabic language, in contrast to Chinese people speak many languages, Standard Chinese or Mandarin, Gang, Hakka dialects and Minority language. All people in Saudi Arabia are Muslims 100%, as opposed to China where Chinese has different religions, such as Daoism, Buddhist and Christian.
The second difference is in economy, Saudi Arabia is richer than China, because of Saudi Arabia's economy is petroleum based , roughly 90% of export earnings come from the oil industry , on the opposite side China exports electrical and other machinery including medical equipment. On the other side, Saudi government has built economic city includes petrochemical and pharmaceutical. Although, Saudi Arabia became a world trade organization member, China is larger trading power than Saudi Arabia. The final and most important
The paper tells that in Saudi Arabia, people’s way of life, the economy and politics are guided by the Islamic religion and their old customs. In contrast, the American society is guided by freedom and economic development. United States methods, therefore, differ from the Saudi people’s method. United States is the most religious developed country across the world. It is revealed that religion plays a great role in the life of American people. The history of United States is patent by freedom of religion. Constitution of this country is designed to ensure citizens have the power to establish religious practices. This, therefore, makes United States one of the countries with diverse religion. This is because it is estimated that there are over 100 different religious sects in the America. About 80 percent of them are Christians, while Jews and Muslims hold about 2 percent each. Majority of Americans are, therefore, followers of Christ. On the contrary, Saudi Arabia has Islamic as its official religion. As Muslims, Saudi Arabian people believe in God and prophets. However, they do not believe Jesus Christ was a son of God but rather a messenger. In addition, they believe Muhammad was also a messenger of God. The kingdom of Saudi Arabia is, therefore, referred as an Islamic theocratic dominion. The law in this country only allows Muslims to be the real citizens of this kingdom. However, non-Muslims are only allowed to visit and work in the kingdom but cannot acquire citizenship. Moreover, Muslims are the only ones permitted to visit holiest cities in the country. One of the holiest cities is Mecca, which houses Ka ‘aba, a pilgrim shrine that was built by Moses following an order from God. United States government and politics is a clear example of democracy. This is because they are allowed to choose their representatives in their relevant States during elections. States representatives then select the best candidate to contend for the presidency. United States’ citizen vote for their president through the electoral process called Electoral College system. In this case, every State has electors equal to the number of members in the House of Representatives. Additionally, two senators representing each State are also included in the Electoral College system. During the elections, United States’ citizens cast votes to electors who obligate to offer support presidential candidate desired by members of their State. Whenever a president is elected, he or she is supposed to run the office for a period less than two terms comprising four years each. President in United States is the head of government and State. In addition, he is the commander in chief of all the armed forces. The structure of government in United States is categorized in three levels, which include Local, State, and Federal governments. Federal government in United States is in charge of the entire nation and has three branches, which include the legislative, executive and legislature. In addition, the government of United States conducts its affairs in accordance to the constitution of the country. This constitution outlines freedom of citizens, function of the three arms of government and democratic rule. On the contrary, Saudi Arabian government is monarch in nature with the head of state being referred as the king. Whenever the king demises, he is succeeded by his eldest son in the event. However, the king can also choose a heir to succeed him or her in the leadership of the country. ...Show more