Organ transplantation has become a life-saving procedure for many disease conditions, which have been previously considered to be incurable. One of these diseases includes various kidney diseases. This procedure, besides lengthening lives, additionally enables a healthier quality of life and is believed to be economical because it creates additional resources accessible for other segments of the economy. Kidney transplantation, which has now happen to be the selected treatment for the end-stage renal disease and is the most common solid organ transplantation being executed in the world currently. In developing countries such as Nigeria and Pakistan, it is the only constant organ transplantation that is being practiced.
Ever since the initial human kidney transplantation in 1954, the United States has been taking part in the search of public discussions regarding the ethics of organ transplantation. In regards to the human significance of removing organs from both living and cadaveric donors; in relation to the conditions for deciding when death happens and so when the decedent’s organs might be taken; about whose wishes should ultimately decide whether organs are used or not used; and about the ethics of different organ procurement and allocation laws.
Giving reference to the vast amount of proposals for kidney sales led to the National Organ Transplant Act to become law in the United States in 1984 . An ethical agreement developed round the world that there should be no monetary reimbursement for transplantable organs, both from living or deceased persons. Unfortunately, the self-sacrificing supply of organs has been considerably less than sufficient, and large numbers of patients die every year waiting for organ transplantation. As the number of patients who die waiting for organ transplants continues to increase, more relatives are taking upon themselves to search for an organ, andin result raising ethical questions in the process.
Due to the great success of kidney transplantation new kinds of human hardship have arisen. Hardships such as waiting for a kidney while one are condition declines, which sometimes result in death.
With long waiting lists of individuals waiting for a kidney or kidneys creates potential problems that threaten to challenge some of the medical advantages made by the introducing organ transplantation. For example, due to the large and growing waiting lists of individuals whom are in dire need of a kidney; medical personnel tend to undermine the criteria of donors that are eligible. The use of organs (kidneys) from donors who are just as sick or worst that have unhealthy habits such as drug users or infectious diseases.
In contrast, organ transplantation forces us to confront the nature of human death. The simplicity of determining when to let death occurs is hinder by thoughts of valuable parts of the body can be used to save another life.
Some advocates claim that ‘the current system of organ procurement by the state, define the dead body as a “natural resource,” of no good any longer to the person who has died. To leave organs unused is wasteful like leaving food uneaten when people are starving. But of course, the issue is far more complicated, for even the dead body is always more than a resource to help others.’
Essay about Organ Transplantation and Ethical Considerations
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Organ Transplantation and Ethical Considerations
In February 2003, 17-year-old Jesica Santillan received a heart-lung transplant at Duke University Hospital that went badly awry because, by mistake, doctors used donor organs from a patient with a different blood type. The botched operation and subsequent unsuccessful retransplant opened a discussion in the media, in internet chat rooms, and in ethicists' circles regarding how we, in the United States, allocate the scarce commodity of organs for transplant. How do we go about allocating a future for people who will die without a transplant? How do we go about denying it? When so many are waiting for their shot at a life worth living, is it fair to grant multiple organs or multiple…show more content…
First, let's address equality as it applies to justice. All other things being equal, who holds a claim to the organs available for transplant in the United States—just citizens, or illegal immigrants, too? A recent Chicago news source cited the tragedy of "American taxpayers and their children who died last year waiting for the transplant that Duke University Hospital chose to give to a citizen of a foreign nation" (Bailey, 2). This article went on to state that our system "rewards illegal aliens for entering the United States to access our health care system, thus condemning some of the American taxpayers who pay for that system to premature deaths. Few could deny the sheer unfairness of such a situation" (Bailey, 2). But how true are these statements? Are organs allocated in a way that promotes inequality for American citizens? An ethicist's first responsibility is to look at the facts, and the facts in this instance tell a different story.
According to the United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS), American citizens are more likely to receive organs of non-citizens than vice versa; "As a percentage, every year, U.S. citizens receive more organs than they donate" (Vedantam, 2). Also, UNOS limits the number of transplants allotted to non-citizens to no more than five percent of available organs; however, no limits on donations are made (Vedantam, 2). These facts indicate that Americans are benefiting from the organ donations of