How Did American Slavery Begin
Slavery is a very important subject in the history of America. Maybe be it is important to know how it began. Was it spontaneous or it just evolved through a process? Well, it all started at a time when African Slaves first landed in North American colony of Jamestown in 1619. These slaves in Virginia assisted with the production of highly lucrative crops o the time such like tobacco. Therefore, it was purely an agricultural affair that would later prompt the existence of one of the historical injustices done especially to the African immigrants. The issue took course during the 17th and 18th century American colonies. Therefore, slavery started in American at a time when the foundations of the new country were being built economically.
At a time when America was gearing up for an economic change, there was no enough labor to pump into the economy. This saw the immigration of Africans who would work in the cotton and tobacco farms. The practice was further solidified with the invention of the cotton gin in the year 1973. Some times in the 19th century, the westward expansion of America together with the increasing abolition movement that existed in the North provoked huge debates over the subject of slavery and was almost tearing the American nation apart in the Civil War that was experienced between 1861 and 1865. The Union victory was able to free four million slaves in America. All the same, the slavery legacy continued to eat into the fabric that held the young nation together. Slavery impacted a lot in the history of America all through the reconstruction period of 1865 to 1877 until the time of civil rights movement experienced in the 1960s.
Basically, the foundations that caused slavery in America came up in the start of the 17th century when European settlers especially in North America were looking for cheap labor in large quantities. The African slaves offered more affordable labor than the indentured servants who mainly comprised of the poor and vulnerable Europeans. Therefore, this need sparked a lot of infiltration of Africans into the farms where they would work without or very little pay. It is something that started out slowly only to end up being a huge burden both to the slaves and the slave masters. The slaves were mainly the black people who worked on large tobacco, rice and cotton plantations. Sooner than later, slavery took its toll and plunged American into a vice whose effects are still being felt to date.
Essay Slavery in the American South
616 Words3 Pages
Slavery is a form of forced free labor in which one human being is the property of another. Close to two million slaves were brought to the American South from African and the West Indies during the Atlantic slave trade. The American South accounted for over 20% African Americans. As late as 1900, 9 out of every 10 African Americans lived in the South. Slavery supported the economic structure for the planter aristocracy. In 1850 only 1,773 families owned more than 100 slaves each, and this group provided the political and social leadership of the section and nation. Slavery like it or not was the moral evil in making history in the United States. Slavery didn’t only exist only in the South it even extended to the English colonies and was…show more content…
The most important crops were cotton and tobacco. Most of the agriculture in the South was cotton, which was grown own large plantations by forced black slave labor. Slavery expanded pretty fast throughout the United States. The invention of the cotton gin by Eli Whitney helped efficiently separate the seeds from the fiber, cotton farming spread rapidly across the west. Alabama, Mississippi, and Louisiana formed the heart of the new cotton kingdom, producing more than half of the country’s crop. The great bulk of this cotton was harvested by slaves. Life on the plantation varied from a large plantation to a small farm and from region to region and from master to master. Slavery meant hard labor, ignorance, and oppression. The slaves both men and women worked from dawn till dusk in the fields under the watchful eye of the overseers. Overseers on horseback equipped with whips monitoring the workers, always threatening to punish with a flogging. Floggings were common, it substituted for the wage-incentive system. A majority of slaves lived on large plantations that had communities of twenty or more slaves. Slaves in the Deep South accounted for than 75% of the population. The lives on these plantations seemed to be relatively stable, and distinctive African American slave culture prevailed. Large plantations operated like self-sustaining villages and sometimes were isolated from the rest of the outside world. Large plantations acted as its