Judaism Christianity Comparison Essay

Example of a Compare and Contrast essay on Philosophy about:

christianity / Judaism / Old Testament / God / faith

Essay Topic:

The philosophical investigation of the two major world religions Christianity and Judaism.

Essay Questions:

Why Christianity and Judaism often opposed? What is the main difference between Christianity and Judaism? What is the thing that unites the two major world religions: Christianity and Judaism?

Thesis Statement:

It goes without saying that these two religions do have a lot in common, which is primarily due to the fact that Judaism was the forefather of Christianity as well as of Islam. The main base is the same for both religions – the Old Testament.


Comparison of Christianity and Judaism essay

Introduction: The question concerning the similarities and contrasts of Judaism and Christianity has always been a priority in the religious world. It goes without saying that these two religions do have a lot in common, which is primarily due to the fact that Judaism was the forefather of Christianity as well as of Islam. The main base is the same for both religions – the Old Testament.

Nevertheless, the influence that Christianity has experienced over the years of its existence has created certain differences in these religions. Both Christians and Jews believe in the existence of God who was the one to create the universe and everything inside it. What differs is the notion of God: Christianity claims the idea of the trinity of God. In Judaism God cannot be divided into different parts but is holistic. For Jews God is unique and is a wholesome entity, which is “solid”. The basic difference on the background of general similarities is that therefore Judaism rejects the existence Jesus as one of the three “parts” of God.

Conclusion: The peculiarity of Judaism is that people belonging to other religions are still the children of their God, who deserve his love and holy protection. Another difference between the religions is the attitude towards faith and good deeds. Judaism puts good deeds higher as a complete reflection of faith. Christianity does not consider good deeds be sufficient if a person does not have faith inside. In terms of morale, Jews believe that a person is born neutral and only then shapes his moral values. Christianity states that a person inherits the moral values. There are also numerous other small differences, though both of the religions posses the same message in the core – Love.


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People are in search of understanding life and the happenings that surround them. When things go wrong, people turn to God for hope and understanding. As we look at the Jewish and the Christian faiths, both of which trace their origins back past Abraham and Moses, to the original stories of the Garden of Eden, we notice basic similarities and major differences between the two religions. The three main differences between Jewish and Christianity is the concept of God, judgment, and salvation. The most eminent difference between both religions is the concept of God. Christianity believes that God is trinity which means three persons in one the father, the son and the holy spirit. However Judaism sees God as a single entity, and…show more content…

Judaism rejects the notion that Jesus or any human could be God, that God could be divisible in any way, or that God could be joined to the material world in such fashion. Comparing Judaism and Christianity we notice another difference. Both Christianity and Judaism believe in some form of judgment. The Christian view of judgment states that every human is a sinner, and that nothing but being saved by God's grace can change the damnatory sentence to salvation. Christian also believe that there is a judgment after death, and that Christ will return to judge the living and dead. Those positively judged will be saved and live in God's presence in heaven, those who are negatively judged will be cast to eternal hell. Jewish teaching is somewhat contradictory on judgment. Jews do not look for an afterlife as a reward ofdesire , the reward for a good life is the pleasure it gives God, and the rightness of doing ones duty and living a holy life in his ways. Yet another difference between both religions is the believe in salvation. Christianity seeks salvation through faith, they generally agree that salvation is secured through a relationship with Jesus Christ and daily repentance of sins. Unlike Judaism, it believes that salvation is obtained by belief in God and ones good deeds. Furthermore, Judaism and Christianity both believe in the existence of heaven and hell. The existence of hell as the dwelling place


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